Contain peer-reviewed articles written by the scientists who conducted the research being reported. Articles are brief (3,000 - 6,000 words) and describe a research question, the experimental methods used, the data and results obtained, and the relationship of the experimental findings to previous research.
Compilations of materials related to a branch of study. Book chapters often serve to collect theory and research together, within the context of more general information.
Legal documents that are written by teams of researchers and lawyers and reviewed by patent officers. Patents describe the process of research and product development for a specific invention, and provide evidence of scientific advancement.
Materials and research produced by organizations outside of the traditional commercial or academic publishing channels (collectively known as “grey literature”). Reports are commonly produced by research institutions, government agencies, companies, industry associations, market research firms, and other independent organizations.
Encyclopedias and Dictionaries:
Two types of reference works that contain authoritative information on topics in chemistry and related science/engineering disciplines. Both can vary widely in specificity of information presented.
Organized collections of information that are stored electronically, and organized according to specific topics, including chemical properties, structures, spectra, toxicity, among many others.
Websites, Social Media and Other Online Resources:
Contain wide ranging information created by organizations, research groups, the general public, and others, that present information specific to the needs of various audiences. Websites, social media (e.g Youtube), and other online resources can present information in more accessible and convenient ways than traditional resources.
General Search Tools:
Chemistry Journal Articles:
Encyclopedias & Dictionaries:
Basic Chemical Properties:
Online Tools, Unit Converters and Calculators: