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Education - Children's Literature in the Classroom

A guide for locating grade-appropriate children's literature for use in the classroom.

Video tutorial--Citation basics for UVic Education students

Video time stamps:

0:00-1:55          Introduction
1:56-3:24          Elements of Indigenous Style
3:25-13:09        American Psychological Association (APA)
13:10-25:50      Literature reviews and bibliographies
25:51-29:02      Citation management systems
29:03-30:34      Review and links for more help

Citations using APA

APA (American Psychological Association) citation style is the most frequently used citation style for studies in Education.  It follows the basic format of author last name, author first initial, year in brackets, article title, journal title italicized, volume italicized, number or issue in brackets, page range, and if you viewed this electronically you will need to include a 'Retrieved from' url which may include a DOI (digital object identifier). 

Here is an example:

Campbell, C. (2017). Developing teachers’ professional learning: Canadian evidence and experiences in a world of educational improvement. Canadian Journal of Education, 40(2), 1-33. Retrieved from


For many more examples of both in-text and reference list possibilities, consult our handy UVic Libraries' APA Quick Guide (7th ed).







For other citation style guides, such as MLA (Modern Language Association), consult our citation help pages: 
UVic Style Guide handouts - APA, MLA and more.


Citation management systems

Citation management tools
If you are working with a large number of citations, you may find it helpful to use an online citation management tool such as Zotero, Medeley, RefWorks, or EndNote.  There are numerous systems available, each with pros and cons.  The UVic Libraries' has created some guides and webpages to get you used to these systems and to compare. However, using a citation management tool is by no means a requirement, many researchers get by quite easily without them. 
Check out our handy help guide comparing different citation tool options:
screen shot of libguide for citation management tools
Creative Commons License
This work by The University of Victoria Libraries is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License unless otherwise indicated when material has been used from other sources.