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Scholarly use of AI tools

How to use generative AI tools like ChatGPT, Bing Search, DALL-E 2, and others in academic settings ethically and in accordance with standards of academic integrity. How to reference content created by them or with their assistance.

Banner showing the text "A.I. Policies in  Scholarly Publishing" and a computer screen with a published paper

An increasing number of academic publishers, conferences, and other stakeholders in scholarly publishing are issuing guidelines on generative A.I. tools when it comes to authorship and manuscript submissions. Funding agencies are weighing in on generative A.I. being used for grant applications and peer review. 

Find below an updating list of these resources (last updated: 2023, October 4).


Policies on A.I. Usage in Scholarly Publishing: Grant Applications, Manuscript Submission, Peer Review

American Chemical Society

Best Practices for Using AI When Writing Scientific Manuscripts (February 27, 2023) -- Please note: Not the official ACS guidelines

Open for Discussion: Chemistry or ChemistrAI? (October 1, 2023)

AIP Publishing

On the Use of AI Language Models in Scholarly Communications at AIP Publishing. (2023, February 10).

Cambridge University Press

AI Contributions to Research Content. (March 2023)

Includes the following note: "...individual journals may have more specific requirements or guidelines for upholding this policy."


Publishing Ethics for Editors – The Use of AI and AI-assisted Technologies in Scientific Writing. (March 2023).

FAQs – The Use of AI and AI-assisted Writing Technologies in Scientific Writing. (March 2023).

International Conference on Machine Learning

Clarification on Large Language Model Policy LLM. (2023).

COPE: Committee on Publication Ethics

Authorship and AI tools. (2023, February 13).

Editors / Editorial Boards / Editorial Associations -- Committees

Group of editors’ of several bioethics and humanities journals

Statement on the Responsible Use of Generative AI Technologies in Scholarly Journal Publishing (October 1, 2023)

International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)

Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (updated May 23, 2023 to provide guidance on how work conducted with the assistance of AI technology should be acknowledged)

World Association of Medical Editors (WAME)

Recommendations on Chatbots and Generative Artificial Intelligence in Relation to Scholarly Publications (May 31, 2023)

Single Journals

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS)

The PNAS Journals Outline Their Policies for ChatGPT and Generative AI  (February 21, 2023)


arXiv policy for authors’ use of generative AI language tools (2023, January 31; last edited February 7).

Funding Agencies

Australian Research Council

Policy on Use of Generative Artificial Intelligence in the ARC’s grants programs (July 7, 2023)

→ Advice on A.I. usage for grant applicants, chapter 3.1, page 2.

Cancer Research UK (CRUK)

Policy on the use of generative artificial intelligence tools in Cancer Research UK funding applications

Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) = German Research Council

Statement by the Executive Committee of the German Research Foundation (DFG) on the influence of generative models for text and image generation on scholarship and the DFG's funding activities (German)

Research Funders Policy Group (UK)

Funders joint statement: use of generative AI tools in funding applications and assessment (19 September 2023)

Signatories to the statement include:

  • The NIHR
  • The Association of Medical Research Charities (AMRC)
  • Cancer Research UK
  • The British Heart Foundation
  • Royal Academy of Engineering, Royal Society
  • UK Research and Innovation (UKRI)
  • The Wellcome Trust

National Institutes of Health - NIH (U.S.)

The Use of Generative Artificial Intelligence Technologies is Prohibited for the NIH Peer Review Process (23 June, 2023)

Australian Research Council

Policy on Use of Generative Artificial Intelligence in the ARC’s grants programs (July 7, 2023)

→ Advice on A.I. usage in peer review, chapter 3.2, page 3.


Using AI in peer review and publishing (2023)

Policies & Statements on A.I. Usage in the Canadian Postsecondary Sector

Canadian colleges and universities offer support for students, faculty, and staff that often includes valuable insights and guidance on the use of generative A.I. tools in education. These resources are not only relevant to their respective institutions but are also of value to the academic community at large. Below is a selection of these materials (last updated: 2023, March 28):

Centennial College Libraries

The Libraries at Centennial College in Toronro have published a LibGuide on ChatGPT and other A.I. tools

University of Toronto 

The University of Toronto's Office of the Vice-Provost, Innovations inUndergraduate Education provides a detailed resource called ChatGPT and Generative AI in the Classroom 

University of Waterloo

The University of Waterloo's Office of the Associate Vie-President, Academic has released FAQ about ChatGPT at the University of Waterloo

University of Windsor 

The University of Windsor's Office of Open Learning has gathered a set of resources called Implications of ChatGPT and AI for Teaching and Learning

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