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Systematic Reviews: A How-To Guide

Overview of systematic review steps and resources to assist researchers conducting reviews

A. Appraising Your Results

Assess the Quality

Once you know which studies meet your criteria you need to appraise them for quality. Part of this quality check is checking for the risk of bias amongst studies you have found.

Some of the links below include checklists for different types of studies, to help you with this task.


Adapted and modified with gratitude from City University of London's Doing Post Graduate Research research guide.

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This work by The University of Victoria Libraries is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License unless otherwise indicated when material has been used from other sources.