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Engineering -- Literature Reviews: Getting Started

This guide provides an overview of different types of literature reviews

IEEE Style Manual

IEEE Publications uses Webster’s College Dictionary, 4th Edition. For guidance on grammar and usage not included
in this manual, please consult The Chicago Manual of Style, published by the University of Chicago Press.

NOTE: Most of these examples and reference formats have been taken from the following sources, please consult them for comprehensive citation styles.

IEEE Reference Manual

IEEE Editorial Style Manual

The IEEE Style Libguide from Murdoch University

What is citation management?

Citing your papers is an important part of the research process.

However, citing your papers can also become one of the more frustrating and time-consuming parts of the research process. Citation management software can help you save time by allowing you to:

  • Collect citations from your online databases, library catalogues and websites
  • Organize, edit, and search through the citations you've saved
  • Build and organize bibliographies in well-known styles like APA, MLA, and even style-specific journals like Nature
  • Format citations for papers
  • Take notes on articles and save them in your collection of citations
  • Save and organize PDFs, screenshots, graphs, images, and other files for your research--even offline!

Citation Analysis

What's the best citation management software for me?

The Library currently offers frequent workshops on Zotero, an open-source system for Citation management. You may request a workshop on Zotero, Mendeley or Endnote by emailing

How do you choose the best citation management software? There are many factors to consider, such as:  

  • Is the software open?
  • Can I export my data?
  • How much does the software cost? 
  • Can I collaborate with colleagues/friends and share my citations in groups? 
  • Can I access my citations and PDFs on different computers? 
  • Can I use a mobile device to work with my citations? 
  • Is my data being stored on a server in the United States? 

We've put together a comparison chart below to help you identify the different features available and figure out the best option for you. 

More information on citation management tools

For more information on citation management tools and to learn how to download the citation managers, check out the Citation Management Tools libguide here : OR contact your subject librarian Aditi Gupta, Engineering & Science Librarian.

Creative Commons License
This work by The University of Victoria Libraries is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License unless otherwise indicated when material has been used from other sources.