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Indigenous Community Development and Governance (ICDG)

A research guide for the ICDG program

Phrase searching

Why use it?

Some search tools are less intuitive than others, and this is especially true when searching for phrases.  A phrase is a combination of words in a specific order with a specific meaning.  For example, self-governance is a phrase -- these two words must be together and must be in this order to have meaning.

When searching for a phrase, such as self-governance, some search tools will require the user to put quotation marks("") around them to keep the phrase intact.

How it works:

Using the example above, if you were doing a search on self-governance, you would use the quotation marks in the following manner:

 "self-governance" AND Indigenous

Not every search tool requires the use of quotation marks as some will automatically assume two words together not separated by AND, OR, or NOT mean you are searching for those terms as a phrase.

Refer to the help guide of the search tool you are using to determine whether or not it is required.


Think carefully before using quotations, as there are some cases where your search terms might produce better results if you are not searching them together as a phrase.  For example:

Indigenous communities

While it is true this could be searched as the phrase:

"Indigenous communities"

It is also true that some authors might write about "communities that are Indigenous", and you would miss out on these results if you were to force the phrase search using quotations.


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This work by The University of Victoria Libraries is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License unless otherwise indicated when material has been used from other sources.