The new (7th) edition of APA asks for the DOI (Digital Object Identifier), if available, for citations for electronic journal articles. Note that a DOI does not always exist for an online article. If the article has one, it can sometimes be found in the database entry (but not always) or is often included with the Journal Name at either the top or bottom of the first page of the article itself.
Alternatively, if you have the citation information, you can look up the DOI number in CrossRef:
1. Go to CrossRef's Free DOI Lookup
2. Copy and paste your citation information and CrossRef will supply the DOI number, if available.
Gregory Younging's Elements of Indigenous Style: A Guide for Writing by and about Indigenous Peoples is an excellent resource if you are drawing upon Indigenous ways of knowing within your scholarship.
APA (American Psychological Association) citation style is the most frequently used citation style for studies in Education. It follows the basic format of author last name, author first initial, year in brackets, article title, journal title italicized, volume italicized, number or issue in brackets, page range, and if you viewed this electronically you will need to include a 'Retrieved from' url which may include a DOI (digital object identifier).
Here is an example:
Campbell, C. (2017). Developing teachers’ professional learning: Canadian evidence and experiences in a world of educational improvement. Canadian Journal of Education, 40(2), 1-33. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.library.uvic.ca/docview/1922374798?accountid=14846
For many more examples of both in-text and reference list possibilities, consult our handy UVic Libraries' APA Quick Guide (7th ed).
For other citation style guides, such as MLA (Modern Language Association), consult our citation help pages: UVic Style Guides - APA, MLA and more
Need more information on APA? Check out the following: