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Standards for making PPE and other Medical Devices during COVID-19

Standards for Face Shields

Specifications for Manufacturing of Face Shields

In lieu of limited access to Face Shields, Health Canada has provided the following guidelines that manufacturers should comply with. The standards outlined below are the minimum specifications that should be incorporated into the design and verification of face shields:

  • Device must provide adequate coverage (CSA Z94.3 Sections 10.2.1/10.2.2/10.3/10.4).
  • Device should made of optically clear, distortion free, lightweight materials (refer to CSA Standard Z94.3.1-16)
  • Device should be free of visible defects or flaws that would impede vision (ANSI Z87.1 Section 9.4)
  • The device should allow adequate space between the wearer’s face and the inner surface of the visor to allow for the use of ancillary equipment (medical/surgical mask, respirator, eyewear, etc.).
  • Device should fit snugly to afford a good seal to the forehead area and to prevent slippage of the device
  • Device should withstand impact from sharp or fast projectiles (ANSI Z87.1 Section 9.2 and 9.3, CSA Z94.3 Section 10.1)
  • If available, device should display anti-fog behavior on inside and outside of shield. (CSA Standard Z94.3.1-16)
  • User contacting materials should provide adequate material biocompatibility (skin sensitivity and cytotoxic testing) (ISO 10993-5, 10)

For more detailed description including any other specifications, refer to Health Canada's 3D printing and other manufacturing of personal protective equipment in response to COVID-19

Disclaimer: All these links have been provided for information purposes only. Please follow guidelines and regulations in your geographical area before using this information.  For Canada, please check the standards and regulations listed here

Specifications and Prototypes for PPEs

This is a list of prototypes and specifications for personal protective equipment, medical equipment, and other resources that have been made available by universities, research facilities and companies to allow for anyone with 3D printing capacities to manufacture these devices.

Disclaimer: All these links have been provided for information purposes only. None of these specifications or designs have been verified, hence follow guidelines and check standards in your geographical area. For Canada, please check the standards and regulations listed here

3D Printed Prusa Face Shield
The Prusa Face Shield prototype is open source.

Georgia Tech Face Shield
The designs are open-sourced below and the plans made available for download

Bauer Face Shields
Includes are specs for the design of the Bauer face shields which are being made at Bauer’s research and development facility in Blainville, Quebec; and at Cascade/Maverik’s facility in Liverpool, New York.

Verkstan modified 3D model
Creative Commons License
This work by The University of Victoria Libraries is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License unless otherwise indicated when material has been used from other sources.